Asthma is one of the most widely prevailing diseases globally; around one in every thirteen Americans suffer from it. In some cases, it can be treated easily, while in other cases, it can be extremely severe.
Even though it is one of the most common diseases, there’s a lot of confusion and misconception regarding asthma. Here’s all you need to know about asthma:
What Is Asthma?
Asthma is a disease that inflames the airways to the lungs and makes it difficult to breathe. As your airways swell, mucus begins to accumulate, which reduces the capacity for air to pass through. People who have asthma may experience wheezing and face difficulty in performing strenuous exercises or tasks.
Types of Asthma
There are various kinds of asthma, such as those triggered by allergic reactions, non-allergic, childhood, or late onset. Triggers related to allergic asthma include dust, pollen, and animal fur allergies. Non-allergic asthma triggers are air pollution, extremely cold air, certain aerosol products, and many others. Certain work conditions such as mining, where workers have high exposure to chemical hazards and dust, can also trigger respiratory diseases and lead to asthma.
The allergic form of asthma is seasonal, while the non-allergic form is more commonly found.
What Are the Symptoms?
The most commonly reported asthma symptoms include wheezing (the sound that comes from the difficulty in the air passing through your trachea), fast heartbeat, early exhaustion, and low oxygen saturation levels in the blood.
What Is the Diagnosis?
Technology in medicine and other advancements have made it possible to detect asthma early on in multiple ways. These involve chest x-rays which show a scan of your lungs that is used to analyze their condition and understand what kind of asthma you may have. Other methods include breathing exams which assess the airflow to and from your lungs and having a doctor hear listen to your breathing through a stethoscope.
How Is Asthma Treated?
Asthma is easily treatable, especially when detected early to allow the patient to receive timely medication. Common methods of treating asthma include breathing exercises to improve your breathing and increase airflow to and from your lungs. Changes to diet and exercise are also significantly useful. There are also several medicines and prescription medications available to help treat asthma.
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