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diabetic complications

Effectively Avoiding Diabetic Complications

Did you know that there are approximately 415 million adults suffering from diabetes? And by 2040, this number is expected to rise to a staggering 642 million?

Diabetes is a complicated disease. People who do not take this ailment seriously are often found suffering from major, and sometimes life threatening health complications like stroke, high blood pressure, and heart problems.

Diabetes Complications

This is the main reason why following a diabetic treatment requires continuous effort and commitment. However, besides the treatment, diabetics need to be mindful of the following too:

  • Make sure they get their physical and optical exams regularly. Ideally they should be scheduled around 2 to 3 times annually. During these medical checkups, make sure you ask the doctor about any complications that have developed, or are on the verge of developing.
  • Keep a check on your cholesterol levels and blood pressure. These two conditions can team up to damage blood vessels and put you at a possible risk of a heart attack. The damage they do is far worse and swift when you have diabetes.
  • Quit smoking. Diabetes has already put you at a risk of developing grave health complications, and smoking only further promotes the risk. You are looking at a possibility of kidney damage, permanent blindness, and at times, possible amputations too.
  • Do not ignore your feet. Increased levels of blood sugar restrict the flow of blood to your feet. It also damages the nerves. Loss of sensation, tingling, or pain in the foot are common among diabetics – and should never be ignored. Do not leave any blisters and cuts in your feet untreated. They can lead to infections.
  • Be responsible with alcohol. It is best if you quit it too along with the smoking, but if you choose to drink, do so responsibly. Keep your consumption levels moderate, and always consume it with your meals.
  • Stress is a serious problem. You cannot overlook your stress levels; they tend to adversely affect your diabetes as stress producing hormones limit the function of insulin in your body. Take time outs, use relaxation techniques, and get proper sleep.
  • A dose of aspirin. Aspirin, taken in small dosages can help prevent the risk of strokes and heart attacks. However, it is important that you consult your doctor for its appropriateness and dosage strength recommended for you.
  • Maintain oral health. Diabetes can lead to gum infections – swollen or red gums that easily bleed. You need to make sure you do not skip out on your dental checkups. Also brush twice a day, and floss daily.
  • You may need to check your vaccines. Every one of us is vaccinated for flu, hepatitis B, pneumonia, and other diseases. However, diabetes causes the body’s immune system to weaken. Therefore, it is imperative to consult your doctor for the possibility that you may need additional shots to protect you against one or more of these diseases.

Take your medications and doctor’s prescriptions seriously, and never miss out on your scheduled doctor visits – that’s the only way you can ensure no further complications develop owing to your condition.

In case your medical insurance plan does not fully cover your diabetic medications and treatment, apply for financial assistance at The Rx Helper.

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type 2 diabetes

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a perennial disease that changes the way your body reacts to glucose (a type of a sugar in your blood stream). Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common diseases. The pancreas is capable of making insulin, a hormone which is responsible for turning glucose into energy.  Those who have type 2 diabetes have the tendency to manufacture insulin. However, they do not have the ability to utilize this well enough.

Causes for Type 2 Diabetes

There are multiple factors which may lead up to type 2 diabetes. Some of the causes of this lifelong disease are mentioned below.

Resistance to Insulin

This is a condition which is more common with obese and physically unfit people. The fat and the liver cells begin to react inappropriately to the insulin that compels the pancreas to produce more insulin. Until the beta cells have the capacity to produce extra insulin, everything is fine but as soon as they lose their ability to produce more insulin due to the malfunctioning of the beta cells, the levels of glucose exacerbate making the person diabetic.

Anomalous Production of Glucose by the Liver

Sometimes, the liver produces massive amounts of glucose. The increased amount of glucose is also a factor which causes diabetes. If the levels of glucagon, a hormone that is released when the sugar in the bloodstream is low, remain high, it will make the liver produce more glucose than the required amounts.

Genetics

The DNA also affects how the insulin is manufactured by the body. Certain types of genes can either increase or reduce the possibility of developing this permanent disease.

Being Overweight and Lack of Physical Activity

One of the most common causes that are associated with type 2 diabetes is obesity. People who have the susceptibility to develop diabetes genetically become more prone to the disease if they are obese and do not exercise regularly. Obesity can cause body to develop resistance to insulin. The excessive fat is also responsible for causing cardiovascular diseases. Diabetes affects younger people as well just because of obesity.

Cell Communication and Signaling Issues

Cells correspond with each other through a complex network. This communication structure contains molecular channels and conduits. This is how it happens:

  • The insulin receptor molecules allow insulin molecules in the blood to cling to their surface
  • The interaction between the two initiates a biochemical signals
  • This signal allow the cells to take in the glucose from the bloodstream

Now if the cells in certain conditions do not get a proper message or they pick up the wrong signal, then this leads to a chain reaction which changes the way our body makes insulin or absorbs glucose causing diabetes.

Dysfunction of Beta Cells

Beta cells, which are responsible of storing and releasing insulin, can get impaired. This changes the pattern of beta cells of releasing insulin, making the cells send erroneous quantity of insulin at the wrong instances.  Sometimes, these cells are affected by high glucose levels which damage the beta cells. This condition is called glucose toxicity.

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