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dealing with asthma in children

How To Deal with Asthma in Children

Asthma is the most common non-transmittable chronic disease in children. This disease is becoming more prevalent as the time goes by. In the USA, about 7 million children are afflicted with asthma. In this disorder, the air passageways of lungs called bronchi are narrowed down due to inflammation. Asthma causes recurring periods of coughs, breathlessness, chest tightness and wheezing.

How to Detect Asthma in Children?

The symptoms of asthma vary from one child to another. It is not necessary for a child to display all of these symptoms, and these signs may change from one episode to the next episode. Sometimes, chronic cough is the only sign displayed. Below are the possible signs:

  • Frequent coughing attacks especially during the night or when playing
  • Lethargy during play
  • Weakness and Tiredness
  • A chronic cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Intermittent rapid breathing
  • Wheezing which produces a whistling sound in the chest when breathing
  • Chest retractions

  • Chest and neck tightness

Risk Factors

There are numerous factors involved in developing asthma in children but the strongest one is the inhalation of particles which arouse allergic reactions and cause irritation to the airways. Some of the risk factors for developing childhood asthma are mentioned below:

  • Exposure to tobacco smoke before or after birth
  • An existing history of asthma and allergies
  • Repeated respiratory infections
  • Being underweight at birth
  • Eczema and other nasal injuries

Diagnosing Asthma in Children

Diagnosis of asthma in children is mainly done through clinical trials. A positive family history of asthma or allergies is a close enough indication of asthma in a child who experiences frequent coughing and suffers from breathing problems. Some of these signs may have vanished by the time a child is taken to visit a doctor so it is imperative that the parents describe the symptoms in detail to the doctor along with the frequency of the exhibition of any of the symptoms that the child displays. Apart from the medical history, a doctor may perform a physical examination on the heart and lungs of the child and observe signs of allergies. A trial of asthma medication is carried out to see if the condition improves. An improvement verifies the diagnosis. If the child is around six years of age, then a lung function test called “spirometry” may be done. The test measures the amount of air in the lungs and the frequency at which it can be exhaled out. Through the results, a doctor will be able to tell the severity of the disease. Another test that can be performed on older children is “exhaled nitric oxide” test which measures the amount of nitric oxide in the breath. A very rarely conducted test in younger children who are unable to perform the above mentioned tests is “impulse oscillometry” which measures the airway resistance.

If your child is suffering from this chronic disease, then you may turn towards The RX helper and acquire medication help from them. Asthma RX assistance provides prescription assistance and financial assistance against costly treatments. Their uncomplicated policy of medical assistance that includes virtually all forms of patient RX assistance, makes the treatment and medication more reasonable. You may visit their website for a detailed description.

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Asthma Medication for Children

 Asthma is a common chronic disorder prevalent among adults and children alike. But asthma attacks and flare-ups can be kept at bay through proper treatment. Apposite asthma medication given to children helps to improve their breathing conditions, and reduce the flare-ups and other problems associated with asthma.

Asthma in children varies from one child to another and may affect children of different age groups differently. Pediatrician may refer the patient to an asthma specialist if the symptoms become more pronounced and severe. Doctors draw conclusion about the medication based upon the response to the current prescribed treatment. Accordingly, the dozes may be stepped up or reduced; or a new combination of drugs maybe suggested.

Asthma medication can be taken in any one of the following ways depending upon the situation:

    1. Through inhalers using a metered dose
    2. Through nebulizers in the form of mist
    3. In the form pills or liquid medicine
    4. Via injections

 

Types of Medication

There are two types of asthma medications that are prescribed:

  1. Long term Medications or The Controller Medications
  2. Quick Relief or Rescue Medications

Long term Medications or the Controller Medications

These medications are prescribed to prevent asthma flare-ups and assist in controlling the disease in the long term. These medications reduce the inflammation of the airways and make asthma less susceptible to triggers. Afflicted children are supposed to take these medicines daily to keep asthma under control over the prolonged duration. Types of these controller medications are:

Corticosteroids: These drugs are taken through inhalation and these are most effective in younger children. These inhaled anti inflammatory medicines consist of the following:

  • Beclomethasone
  • Mometasone
  • Budesonide
  • Fluticasone

Leukotriene modifiers: These are taken to block the chemicals that cause inflammation. These are taken additionally with corticosteroids if required. An example of this medication is montelukast. If the child displays signs of side effects then this medication should be immediately stopped.

Theophylline: This bronchodilator drug is not commonly prescribed these days but it is meant to open the airways and makes it easy to breathe by relaxing the muscles surrounding the airways. This drug is used to avert nighttime symptoms.

Long-acting beta-agonists: These drugs are also bronchodilators which are used to open up airways. These are only supposed to given to children in combination with corticosteroids in inhalers.

Quick Relief Asthma Drugs

These drugs are given to provide an instant relief from the typical symptoms like chest tightness, wheezing and coughs. These medicines include:

Short-acting bronchodilator: The most common ones  of these drugs are albuterol, pirbuterol and levalbuterol.

Systemic corticosteroids: These anti-inflammatory drugs control the symptoms rapidly.


You may turn towards The Rx helper and acquire medication help if your child suffers from asthma. Asthma Rx assistance provides prescription assistance and financial assistance against expensive treatments. Their straightforward policy of medical assistance makes the treatment and medication inexpensive. You may visit our website for detailed description.

 

See If You Qualify For Prescription Assistance





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