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Type 1 Diabetes

What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is commonly diagnosed in adults and little children. In this disease, the body loses the ability to produce insulin and is incapable of absorbing glucose in the cells for energy. Researchers and scientists still have not discovered an exact cause for type 1 diabetes but following are the causes which lead up to this disease.

Autoimmune disease

Our immune system combats dangerous viruses and bacteria. Type 1 diabetes may develop because of an autoimmune condition where the immune system itself becomes repellent towards the insulin and destroys the cells that are responsible for manufacturing it. The T cells, also called the white blood cells, destroy the beta cells which are present in the islet tissue of the pancreas.

Most of the times, the disease remain undiagnosed until a large number of cells has already been destroyed. Once this happens, the body either completely loses the tendency to produce insulin or manufacture insufficient amounts. Insulin circulates in the blood stream and helps the cells to absorb the sugar into the cells and lowers the amount of sugar in the blood. Without insulin, the levels of blood sugar may rise indefinitely posing a threat to the affected individual.

Genetics

The most common cause that assists in developing type 1 diabetes is genetic susceptibility. Genes travel down from ancestors to the new generations so people may inherit the susceptibility. Researchers believe that people who have HLA (Human Leukocyte Antigen) complex. Several HLA complexes are associated with type 1 diabetes.

Dietary Factors and Viral Infections

Some theories suggest that the dietary factors and certain kinds of viruses also assist in developing this condition but the particular role that these factors play is still not known definitely. It is believed that sometimes these environmental factors aid the process of destruction of beta cells especially in people who have the tendency to develop diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is often linked with viruses and infections because of it being diagnosed soon after a viral infection, especially during winters when such viruses are more common. This is how it happens:

  • Upon invasion of viruses, antibodies are produces by the body to fight them.
  • These antibodies are manufactured by T-cells.
  • If the antigens contained by the virus are similar to the ones of the beta cells, the immune system turns against them and destroys them.
  • The viruses that have antigens similar to beta cells are mumps, viruses that cause diarrhea such as rotavirus, German measles, and coxsackie B virus.

Infants who are breast-fed and receive supplements for vitamin D have a lesser chance of developing the condition, whereas the children who are given cereal proteins and cow milk from a very tender age are more prone to develop type 1 diabetes.

You may turn towards the RX Helper and acquire medication help if you suffer from type 1 diabetes. Diabetes RX assistance provides prescription assistance and financial assistance against expensive treatments. Their simple policy of medical assistance makes the treatment and medication inexpensive. You may visit their website for a detailed overview of their services.

 

 

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Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease, in which the pancreas stops producing insulin. Insulin is required by the body for the absorption of glucose into the cells to provide energy. Without insulin, the sugar remains in the bloodstream which causes the blood sugar levels to shoot up. Following are the most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes:

What are some of the most common symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?

Urinating Frequently (Polyuria)

People with type 1 diabetes have the urge to urinate often which is more pronounced during the night. This condition is known as polyuria. This is primarily because the kidneys want to throw out the excess sugars that are present in the blood. In order to do that, diabetic person consumes a lot of water, alcohol and liquids with caffeine. The more the liquid an individual consumes, the higher is the frequency of urination. People with diabetes may excrete more than three liters of urine in a day.

Blurred Vision

Sometimes sugar builds inside the eye lens and it soaks the water in the eyes. This modifies the figure of the lens and makes the vision blurry.

Feeling Thirsty

Because the body urinates so often, a person becomes so dehydrated that they begin to feel excessively thirsty.

Weight loss

One of the most visible symptoms of type 1 diabetes is weight loss without making an effort. This inexplicable condition happens if the body starts to force the calories out of the body through the urine. The sugars are released out of the body through the urine because there is insufficient production of insulin which does not allow the sugars to be absorbed by the cells. If you lose more than 5% of your total weight within a span of six to twelve months, you must contact your physician.

Increased Appetite

A person begins to feel hungrier if he/she is diabetic. This happens as a consequence of the body not being able to utilize the calories and most of them leave the body through excretion.

Feeling Lethargic

Fatigue is also a common symptom of type 1 diabetes. A diabetic patient has difficulty in carrying out even ordinary daily tasks and normally feels down.  Normally, high blood sugar makes a person tired as the cells do not absorb glucose which provides the energy to work but sometimes people who are already on medication such as insulin may experience tiredness because of low glucose level. If the fatigue persists for a month, it is advisable to seek a doctor’s advice.

Symptoms Requiring Immediate Attention

If you also suffer from the following symptoms along with the aforementioned ones, you need an immediate medical attention:

– Stomach aches

– Fever

– Change in the smell of the breath (fruity like pear drops and chemical like nail varnish)

– A sudden and serious loss of appetite


Does The Rx Helper provide prescription assistance?

The Rx Helper provides prescription assistance to people who cannot afford the exorbitant prices of medications. You may acquire medication help if you suffer from Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Rx assistance supplies prescription assistance and financial assistance against costly medical treatments. Their uncomplicated policy of medical assistance makes the treatment and medication inexpensive. For more information, you may visit our website.

See If You Qualify For Prescription Assistance





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